What are 3 basic principles of landscape design

The field of design and art is very vast. Landscape design is one of the fields of design which is solely based on the composition and artistic approach. It is the art of arranging areas of land to create an aesthetic view or for practical uses. Before we begin the process of designing, it is important for us to know that there are a few elements and design which should be kept in mind. A complete understanding of these principles can change the whole outlook of your project. Following are the three basic principles of landscape design:


When we talk about a composition, proportion is the relation between two of its elements or parts. Proportion helps us to identify the important aspects of the design. In landscape design, proportion is the most important thing. When designing features of our landscape such as fences, fountains or plants, we must keep the proportions in mind. Setting proportions may seem like a small detail but it requires efficient planning. An unproportionate design looks untidy and gives a crammed look. Landscape designers melbourne will always be able to produce the best of his work if his proportions are in right order. For example, a plant may give a refreshing look to the design but we should consider it’s size rather than drooling over its appearance.


It is the most easily understood principle of design. The repeated use of elements creates a sequence in the landscape. It may seem like the easiest element but it can completely change the outlook in no time. Excess repetition creates a dull and flat landscape and can give the impression that the landscape designer lacks the aesthetic sense and creativity. On the other hand, too little repetition can create a visual of confusion. With an equal amount of repetition, a landscape can achieve balance and rhythm. The designer may use this principle in colors, texture, form or shape. A grass garden is a perfect example in the regard.



Unity, also referred to as harmony, gives a sense of completion to a design. In landscape design, it is also another most important principle that should be followed. It means that everything must fit in well. It ensures that no features should look odd at any point. It makes everything look balanced, steady and consistent. It also shows how well the landscape designer has maintained equilibrium in his design. The visuals should represent a simple relationship. For a landscape design to achieve unity, it is convenient to choose a theme or design and work around it to avoid any confusion. For example, a landscape design has a tropical theme. It follows the color palette and all other features accordingly. There is an equal amount of other principles. This will ensure unity to the design.


Using these basic principles can change the whole visual of your landscape. It can add great depth to your land and create the design of your dreams. It is important for us to understand that all these principles are related to each other.


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